A. J. Ryder. The German Revolution of 1918.

Biblioteca / 1960-1969 

A. J. Ryder. The German Revolution of 1918. A Study of German Socialism in War and Revolt.

Cambridge University Press, 1967.

340 páginas.




1 – German socialism before 1914

Origins and background of German Social Democracy

Marxism in the liberal era: the Erfurt Programme

Engels and the abandonment of revolutionary tactics

Bernstein and Revisionism

Rosa Luxemburg and the new challenge from the left

2 – The outbreak of the first world war

Socialist attitudes to war

August 1914

The civic truce

3 – The growth of opposition socialism

War aims and annexations

Anti-war socialism and Zimmerwald

Deviation on the right: nationalist socialism

4 – German socialism in schism

Background: Germany in 1916

The breach widens

The last all-socialist conference

Defiance on the extreme left: Spartacus

5 – The socialist rivals in 1917

1917: the year of missed opportunities

The Reichstag peace resolution

The Independent Social Democratic party

The first six months of the U.S.P.D.

Reformist socialism after the split

6 – German socialism in the last year of the war

The treaty of Brest-Litovsk

The strike of January 1918

The ‘revolution from above’

The eve of the November Revolution

7 – The November Revolution

The naval mutiny

The revolution in the states and cities

9 November in Berlin

The socialists in office

The socialist government and the generals

8 – The experiment in revolutionary government

The People’s Commissars at work

The congress of workers’ and soldiers’ councils: climax of the revolution

The problem of armed force in the German Revolution

9 – The ‘Second Revolution’

The sailors’ revolt

The foundation conference of the K.P.D.

The January Rising

Further revolt and suppression

10 – The transformation of Independent Socialism

The U.S.P.D. turns to proletarian dictatorship

Versailles and Weimar: the socialist balance sheet in the summer and autumn of 1919

The U.S.P.D. leaves the Second International

11 – Epilogue: the climax and double crisis of 1920

The socialists and the Kapp Putsch

The U.S.P.D. and the Third International

The split in the U.S.P.D.: the Halle conference

12 – Retrospect and conclusions

Reformist socialism from broken Burgfrieden to ineffective power

The Independent socialists: trials of a semi-revolutionary party

The German Revolution as a product of Bismarckian policy and Marxist theory


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