Andrzej Walicki. Marxism and the Leap to the Kingdom of Freedom.

Biblioteca / 1990-1999

Andrzej Walicki. Marxism and the Leap to the Kingdom of Freedom. The Rise and Fall of the Communist Utopia. 

Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1995.

xiv, 641 páginas.



1 – Marx as Philosopher of Freedom

Preliminary Remarks

Civil and Political Liberty: A Confrontation with Liberalism

The Story of Self-Enriching Alienation: A General Outline

The Paris Manuscripts: Human Essence Lost and Regained

The German Ideology: The Division of Labor and the Myth of Human Identity

Grundrisse: The World Market as Alienated Universalism

Self-Enriching Alienation in Capital and the Abandonment of Youthful Optimism

The Vision of the Future: The Transition Period and the Final Ideal

Capitalism and Freedom in the Post-Marxian Sociological Tradition: The Case of Marx Versus Simmel

2 – Engels and «Scientific Socialism»

The Problem of «Engelsian Marxism»

From Pantheism to Communism

Political Economy and Communist Utopia

«Historical Necessity» in the World of Nations

Freedom as «Necessity Understood»

From Freedom Lost to Freedom … Regained?

The Dual Legacy

3 – Variants of «Necessitarian» Marxism

Karl Kautsky: From the «Historical Necessity» of Communism to the «Historical Necessity» of Democracy

Georgii Plekhanov: «Historical Necessity» as Utopian Ideal

Rosa Luxemburg, or Revolutionary Amor Fati

4 – Leninism: From «Scientific Socialism» to Totalitarian Communism

Lenin’s Tragedy of Will and Fate

Lenin’s Critique of «Bourgeois Freedom» and the Russian Populist Heritage

The Workers’ Movement and the Party

The Destruction of «Nomocracy» and the Legitimization of Violence

The Partisan Principle in Literature and Philosophy

The Dictatorship of the Proletariat and the State

The Dictatorship of the Proletariat and the Law

The Dictatorship of the Proletariat and the Economic Utopia

5 – From Totalitarian Communism to Communist Totalitarianism

Leninism and Stalinism: The Controversy over the Continuity Thesis

Stalinist Marxism as a Total View of the World

«Dual Consciousness» and Totalitarian


6 – The Dismantling of Stalinism: Detotalitarization and Decommunization

Preliminary Remarks

Marxist Freedom and Communist Totalitarianism

The Phases and Factors of Detotalitarization and Decommunization

Gorbachev’s Perestroika and the Final Rejection of Communist Freedom